In 2010, Mexico celebrates an extraordinary Independence Day, commemorating 200 years of independence and 100 years since the revolution.
These 200 years of Mexican independence are not only reminder of an important period in history, but are also a time to recognize the values and ideals of a nation. For Mexicans and foreigners alike, this meaningful occasion is an opportunity to highlight a significant segment in Mexico’s history.
1. September 16th is commemorated as Mexico’s independence from Spanish rule. At 5:00 a.m. on September 1810, priest Miguel Hidalgo called the people of Mexico to arms with the “grito” or cry for battle. Known as the Grito de Dolores, this important event marks the beginning of Mexico’s fight for freedom.
2. The Bicentenario commemorates 200 years of independence—an occasion that will be celebrated all over the country with special cultural, musical, and traditional events. Ten other Latin American countries (including Mexico) form part of the 200 Bicentenario Group, which marks their 200 years of independence between 2009 and 2011.
3. The Mexican uprising against Spain began during the period of 1800 to 1810 and had been plotted for initiation on October 2, 1810. But when the revolutionary plans were disclosed to the authorities, it became necessary to launch their plan into action immediately.
4. The three colors of the Mexican flag represent union (red), independence (green), and religion (white), known as the Three Guarantees. These important values were established during the initial peace talks which would end the war. And it is for this reason that the official army at the time was named Trigarante or “of the three guarantees.
5. On August 24, 1821, the Cordova Treaty was signed, which officially declared Mexico’s independence. And on September 27, 1821, the Trigarante Army—led by Agustin de Iturbide—triumphantly entered Mexico. After an 11-year war, Mexico was proclaimed a free and sovereign nation.
6. 2010 is also significant because in November, Mexico commemorates 100 years since the revolution of 1910. This armed struggle was initiated to overthrow longtime autocrat Porfirio Diaz, although it also arose as the result of several political and social movements of the time. The Revolucion Mexicana is seen as the most important political and social event of the 20th century. The struggle lasted until 1920 with several sporadic rebellions erupting well into the 1920s.
7. The Coat of Arms-the eagle and snake in the center of the flag; the colors of the Mexican flag; and the national anthem are all national symbols of the United Mexican States, of which there are 32 (31 states and 1 federal district).
Mexico is a country full of live, and its people continue to contribute to the evolution of the country’s history.
For Mexico, the bicentennial celebration on Independence Day this year is a special occasion to honor the past, live the present, and look towards the future.
Tell us! What did you learn from this post about Mexico’s history?